Jewellery is like a spice that complements an individuals outfit. Just like there are different food spices, jewellery also comes in a variety of designs, textures, and colours. They can equally be made from a number of materials either organic or man-made.

Corals are one of the commonest organic gemstones that have been used over the years to create unique jewellery, the other main ones being pearls and amber. It has been in demand for centuries for its beauty and the mystical power that many African cultures attribute to it.

Edo bride, Nigeria

Precious coral is harvested almost exclusively in the Mediterranean off the coasts of Italy, France, Spain, Algeria, and Tunisia. Other types or coral are pulled from the waters off Malaysia and Japan, Australia and Africa, and numerous Pacific isles.

Many jewellery lovers are familiar with red corals yet there are other types of corals that are great for jewellery. Learn more as you read further.

1. Pure Red Coral

The rarest of corals is the pure red coral known as Corallium rubrum. This is the coral that is in highest demand for jewellery making. Also known as fire coral or oxblood coral, the hue of the stone is a deep, rich red. It’s often set with other natural gemstones, especially turquoise, and looks stunning when paired with yellow gold.

Red coral grows deep in the ocean but has been over-harvested over the years. As a result, there is not much left in its natural state. Much of the red coral on the market today is another type of coral that has been dyed to achieve the rich hue.

 2.Angel Skin Coral

Angel Skin, a pink coral from the South Pacific, is often used for jewellery. Like red coral, its rarity makes it more expensive than other corals.

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3. Black Coral

Black coral grows in the shape of a tree and doesn’t become black until after it’s harvested. Because it is extremely rare and grows slowly, black coral once harvested in Mexico and the Caribbean is no longer used in commercial jewellery production but can still be found in pieces of vintage jewellery. Black coral from Hawaii is the only coral harvested legally in the U.S. using sustainable techniques. 

4.  Bamboo Coral

Bamboo coral, also known as sea bamboo, grows in many areas of the ocean. Its name comes from its structure, which resembles the bamboo plant. It is widely available and is used for less expensive jewellery. It is typically either dyed red or left in its natural state with marbled hues of green and brown. It is mostly used to create coral beads.

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